Access to the official webpage and the social networks
- Role: The EDA supports cooperative European defence projects and provides a forum for European ministries of defence.
- Chief Executive: Jiří Šedivý
- Members: 26 EU Member States (Denmark is not a member)
- Established in: 2004
- Number of staff: 140
- Location: Brussels (Belgium)
The European Defence Agency (EDA) was set up in 2004. It helps its 26 Member States (all EU countries except Denmark) to develop their military resources.
It promotes collaboration, launches new initiatives and introduces solutions to improve defence capabilities. It also helps Member States that are willing to do so to develop joint defence capabilities.
The EDA is a key facilitator in developing the capabilities that underpin the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).
Based in Brussels with around 140 staff, the EDA is headed by Josep Borrell, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission.
What it does
The EDA supports its 26 Member States – all EU countries except Denmark – in improving their defence capabilities through European cooperation.
It acts as an enabler and facilitator for ministries of defence that are willing to work on collaborative defence capability projects.
The agency is a European defence cooperation ‘hub’. Its expertise and networks enable it to cover a broad defence spectrum, including:
- harmonising requirements to delivering operational capabilities
- research and innovation to developing technology demonstrators
- training and exercises to maintenance to supporting Common Security and Defence Policy operations.
The EDA also works towards strengthening the European defence industry and acts as a facilitator and interface between Member States’ military stakeholders and EU policies that impact on defence.
In May 2017, Member States agreed to reinforce the agency’s mission, including by making it the central operator for EU-funded defence-related activities.
EU Member States (EU-27, except Denmark) benefit from the agency’s flexible approach which enables them to decide on their participation according to their national defence needs.
It helps European ministries of defence address defence capability and training shortfalls.
The EDA also has agreements with some non-EU countries (Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and the Ukraine).