This document collects and analyzes data on the evolution of COVID-19, collected by Johns Hopkins University and published daily by the European Documentation Center of Almería during the months of May, June and July 2020.
COVID-19: Europe Overview
Evolution of confirmed cases Europe
At the end of May, the European continent registered a total of 2,130,259 people infected by COVID-19. During the month of June this figure increased by 27.46% to 2,715,382 people. During the month of July, the number of infected people increased again by 21.84% with respect to June, reaching a total of 3,308,506.
Evolution of deaths in Europe
The number of deaths recorded in Europe during the month of May reached 176,535. This terrible figure amounted to 197,363 deaths at the end of June, an increase of 11.8% compared to those recorded in May. Unfortunately, in July this figure continued to rise, reaching 210,882 deaths at the end of the month which represented an increase of 6.85% over the previous month.
Evolution of recovered people in Europe
Europe had a total of 1,057,188 people recovered from COVID-19 at the end of May. This number increased during June by 45.72% reaching a total of 1,540,571 people recovered. At the end of July, Europe had 1,938,285 people recovered from COVID-19, an increase of 25.82% of this figure compared to the previous month.
Most affected countries in Europe
As of July 31, 2020, the countries with the most documented cases were Russia with 827,509 cases, accounting for 25.01% of all cases in Europe; the United Kingdom with 303,063 cases, accounting for 9.16% of the European total; Spain with 282,641 cases, representing 8.54% of all cases in Europe; and Italy with 246.776 cases accounted for 7.46% of all cases in Europe; Turkey with 227,982 confirmed cases corresponding to 6.89% of all cases in Europe; France with 221,077 confirmed cases corresponding to 6.68% of all European cases; and Germany with 180,328 cases corresponding to 6.3% of all European cases.
However, if we look at the number of inhabitants, the countries with the most infected are San Marino (with 2,202 cases per 100,000 inhabitants), Vatican City (1,513), Armenia (1162), Andorra (1076), Luxembourg (1,043) and Sweden (790).
The countries that have registered the least number of infections up to July are Vatican City (12 cases), Liechtenstein (87), Monaco (117), San Marino (669), Malta (720) and Andorra (918). However, if we again look at the number of infections per 100,000 inhabitants, the countries least affected by the pandemic to date would be Georgia (26), Slovakia (41), Greece (41), Hungary (46), Latvia (64) and Uzbekistan (69).
Deceased by Covid-19 in Europe
As for the lethality of the disease caused by the virus, those countries that have so far recorded the highest number of fatalities are the United Kingdom (46,046), Italy (32,785), France (35,129), Spain (28,411) Russia (13,650), Belgium (9,836) and Germany (9,135). Taking into account the number of inhabitants of each country, the countries where the virus has shown a higher lethality are San Marino (132 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants) Belgium (84) United Kingdom (67), Andorra (60), Spain (60), Italy (54) and Sweden (56).
The countries that have fortunately recorded the lowest number of deaths are Vatican City, Liechtenstein (1), Monaco (4), Malta (9) Iceland (10) and Georgia (16). If we take into consideration the number of inhabitants of each country, the countries with fewer deaths caused by the virus are Vatican City, Georgia (less than 1 death per 100,000 inhabitants), Uzbekistan (less than 1 death per 100,000 inhabitants), Slovakia (less than 1 death per 100,000 inhabitants), Cyprus (1.5) and Latvia (1.64).
Quarterly evolution of the countries with more confirmed cases
The following is an analysis of the evolution registered during the months of May, June and July 2020 of the total cases, deaths and people recovered in those European countries that registered a greater number of confirmed cases at the end of July.
Russia, which in May counted a total of 379,051 cases, suffered an increase of 68% of confirmed cases, reaching 640,246 cases at the end of June. This figure increased during July by 29% more than in June, reaching 827,509 cases at the end of July.
The United Kingdom, which in May had a total of 270,508 confirmed cases, experienced an increase in June of 15% compared to May, reaching 313,470 infections. In the month of July this figure remained stable.
The number of deaths in the United Kingdom at the end of May was 37,919, a figure that grew by 15.13% during June, reaching 43,659 deaths due to COVID-19. In July the number of deaths in the United Kingdom continued rising by 5.46% compared to June, reaching 46,046 deaths at the end of July.
Spain reported 237,906 cases at the end of May and maintained a slight increase of 4.6% during the month of June with respect to May, reaching 248,970 people infected; this figure kept growing during July by 13.52% up to 282,641 people infected.
The number of deaths in Spain was 27,119 at the end of May. During the month of June, this figure rose further, reaching 28,346 deaths at the end of that month. Fortunately this increase was much lower in July, as the total number rose by only 0.86% compared to June, reaching 28,411 deaths.
Italy, which had 231,732 infections at the end of May, kept this figure stable with small increases of 3.75% in June and 2.63% in July, for a total of 246,776 cases at the end of July.
Regarding fatalities, in Italy, at the end of May the number of deaths caused by COVID-19 was 33,142. This number went up during the month of June to 34,744 deaths, an increase of 4.83% over the previous month. By the end of July the number of deaths had increased by 1.1% over June, reaching 35,129.
Turkey, with 160,979 reported cases at the end of May, suffered an additional 23.37% increase in the number of cases in June, reaching a total of 198,613 by the end of June. In July this figure climbed again by 14.79%, reaching 227,982 infected people.
At the end of May, Turkey recorded a total of 4,461 deaths caused by COVID-19, this figure increased by 14.66% during the month of June, reaching a total of 5,115 deaths. Later, during July, the number of deaths continued to rise, reaching 5,649 at the end of July, 10.43% more than in June.
France, for its part, registered a total of 186,364 infected people at the end of May. In June, this figure increased by 8.13%, reaching 201,522 people infected by the end of that month. The figure rose again by 9.7% during July, with a total of 221,077 people infected.
In France, the total number of deaths at the end of May was 28,665. This figure grew with respect to the month of May by 4.02% in June, reaching 29,816 deaths. In July this increase was reduced to 1.38%, reaching 30,226 deaths.
Germany had a total of 182,196 infections at the end of May. This number increased by 7.05% during June, reaching a total of 195,042 by the end of that month. By the end of July, the number of infections continued to rise, reaching 208,546, an increase of 6.92% over the previous month.
At the end of May, Germany recorded a total of 8,470 deaths. This number augmented by 5.98% during the month of June, reaching 8,976 deaths at the end of this month. During the month of July this figure continued to rise, reaching 9,135 deaths at the end of July, 1.77% more than in the previous month.