Following the political agreement reached by the ministers for economy and finance on 6 October 2020, member states’ EU ambassadors formally agreed the Council’s position on the Recovery and Resilience Facility. The facility is the centrepiece of the Next Generation EU recovery instrument designed to respond to the COVID-19 crisis and the challenges posed by the green and digital transitions.
With a financial envelope of €672.5 billion, the facility will support public investments and reforms and contribute to economic, social and territorial cohesion within the EU. It will help member states address the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 pandemic whilst ensuring that their economies undertake the green and digital transitions, becoming more sustainable and resilient.
The key features of the facility were discussed by the EU leaders at their meeting on 17-21 July 2020 as part of negotiations on the multiannual financial framework and the recovery package. The Council’s position builds on their political guidance.
As regards the financial envelopes, the Council’s mandate reflects the key elements included in the European Council conclusions of 17-21 July.
The Recovery and Resilience Facility will offer member states €312.5 billion in grants (in 2018 prices), of which 70% would be committed in 2021 and 2022 and 30% by the end of 2023.
The allocation key for the years 2021-2022 would take into account for each member state its population, the inverse of its per capita GDP and its relative unemployment rate over the past 5 years. In the allocation key for the year 2023, the unemployment criterion is replaced, in equal proportion, by the percentage fall in real GDP in 2020 and the aggregated percentage change in real GDP over the period 2020-2021, based on a preliminary basis on the Commission Autumn 2020 forecasts and then to be updated by 30 June 2022 with the latest statistical figures.
Recovery and resilience plans
In order to receive support from the Recovery and Resilience Facility, member states must prepare national recovery and resilience plans setting out their reform and investment agendas until 2026, including targets, milestones and estimated costs.
The plans should address the challenges and priorities identified in the country-specific recommendations of the European Semester and contribute to strengthening the growth potential, job creation and economic and social resilience of member states. At least 37% of the plan’s allocation should support the green transition and at least 20% digital transformation. Member states should also ensure that their measures comply with the ‘do no significant harm’ principle of the EU taxonomy regulation.
The Council considers that the Commission should assess member states’ recovery and resilience plans or, where applicable, their updates, within two months. The member state concerned and the Commission may agree to extend this deadline by a reasonable time period if necessary.
The assessment of the recovery and resilience plans is to be approved by the Council by means of an implementing decision, which it should endeavour to adopt within four weeks of the Commission proposal.
The Council’s mandate provides that pre-financing for the facility would be paid to member states upon request in 2021.
It would be up to 10% of the total support provided for in their recovery and resilience plans, as approved by the Council.
Under the facility, the funds are released to member states upon satisfactory fulfilment of the relevant milestones and targets included in their recovery and resilience plans.
According to the Council’s mandate, before the Commission adopts a decision authorizing the disbursement of the financial support, in addition to the regular consultation of the relevant committee of experts, it will ask the Economic and Financial Committee to give its opinion on the satisfactory fulfilment of milestones and targets. The opinion should be delivered within four weeks of receiving the Commission’s preliminary assessment.