Project results are expected to contribute to some of the following expected outcomes:
- A comprehensive socio-economic evaluation of future climate change impacts across sectors, countries/regions, timescales and climate building on socio-economic scenarios with improved sectoral, cross-sectoral and spatial resolution of impact projections.
- Improved climate change related decision support based on better understanding (and quantification) of the socio-economic risks (and opportunities), associated with climate change impact, for both sudden onset extreme events and slow onset processes.
- Better evidence for ambitious climate policy response, both in terms of mitigation and adaptation measures, based on a better understanding of socio-economic risks in the absence of adequate mitigation and adaptation efforts (or when limits to adaptation are reached), leading to a more secure and more certain socio-economic future.
- Actionable insights based on data at the appropriate level of geographical scale and spatial resolution for decision-makers in public and private sectors, including national and regional level estimations, leading to enhanced adaptation efforts and to a more resilient Europe.
- Better integration of climate change risks in public and private sectors’ investment decisions – from property, through infrastructure up to regional and national supply chains – leading to increased long-term resilience.
- Enhanced coordination with European Commission’s Joint Research Centre on research concerning climate impacts and adaptation modelling.
- Provision of authoritative knowledge to inform the activities of the Horizon Europe Mission on Adaptation to climate change including societal transformation.
Actions should improve the understanding of the nature and extent of physical risks from a changing climate and their integrated socio-economic implications in Europe in 2030, 2050 and 2100 timeframes. The analysis should evaluate the costs of inaction / “business as usual” by extrapolating current policies with different social and climatological scenarios. It should seek to capture the range of possible socio-economic climate-related risks including both those most likely to occur as well as those associated with low-probability high-impact climate events with potentially catastrophic outcomes. Indirect impacts should be part of the analysis as well as the impacts in the rest of the world with relevant spill over effects in Europe should also be considered.
A comparison with scenarios with lower degrees of warming (with ambitious mitigation measures) should be included as well as the analysis of the costs and benefits of ambitious adaptation measures. Research should also improve the understanding of climate-related risks that are unlikely to be avoided through mitigation and/or adaptation and require urgent/specific response. The work could encompass improvements in adaptation modelling, in particular in impact areas with the highest potential damages. Actions should also take into account the impact of radical transformations envisaged in the context of the post-COVID recovery.
The impacts of climate risks should be assessed and monetised across various economic sectors aiming at an expansion of the existing impact categories and combining them into a coherent framework. Cross-sectorial impacts taking into account the interactions between various sectors should also be addressed. This research should equally encompass impact categories that cannot be directly monetised, but with either economy-wide implications or of critical importance for future human well-being, such as health (including the spread of infectious diseases), social justice, and biodiversity/ecosystems. The development of appropriate tools and methodologies that are able to address these kinds of non-market based impacts is part of the scope. In addition, actions should aim at accounting for the various sources of uncertainty in a systematic way.
10 February 2022 – first stage
27 September 2022 – second stage