In 2022, 9.4 million people in the EU worked as ICT specialists, representing 4.6% of the total EU workforce. The share of ICT specialists in the EU has been increasing over the last decade, rising by 1.4 percentage points (pp) since 2012.
Among the EU countries, the share of ICT specialists was highest in Sweden (8.6%), followed by Luxembourg (7.7%) and Finland (7.6%). The lowest shares were observed in Greece (2.5%), Romania (2.8%) and Poland (3.6%).
From 2012 to 2022, the number of ICT specialists in the EU surged by 57.8%, which is nearly 6.6 times the growth rate for employment (+8.8%).
Highest shares of women in ICT in Bulgaria, Romania and Estonia
The share of women working as ICT specialists experienced a marginal decline in 2022 compared with 2021 (18.9% compared with 19.1%), breaking the upward trend observed since 2014.
Among the EU countries, the highest shares of women among employed ICT specialists were observed in Bulgaria (28.9%), Romania (25.2%) and Estonia (24.5%), while the smallest shares were observed in Czechia (10.9%) and Hungary (13.6%).
More information: Eurostat